Category Archives: Winter Camping

Winter Clothing

Winter Clothing

Clothes don’t provide heat. The purpose of wearing clothing is to reduce heat loss and retain and maintain your warmth. Think about how you dress: small details make a big difference when the weather is harsh and your energy level is dropping. Clothes should insulate and support the body’s temperature equilibrium. At the same time that our clothing should help to retain heat that the body produces, it should also transport excess moisture and heat away from the skin.

Breathability and permeability (a.k.a. wind resistance) aren’t the same thing. Breathability represents how much perspiration vapor can escape through a fabric from the inside out, whereas permeability measures how easily wind passes from the outside in. These are different properties, it’s possible for a garment to be very air permeable but not very breathable—air could pass right through, while sweat could still bead up inside, leaving you feeling damp and cooled. The opposite is also possible—for example, a WINDSTOPPER® jacket blocks wind completely (zero air permeability) but will still let perspiration vapor pass through at a decent rate.

Retain heat, but let moisture out. The purpose of clothing is to retain heat that the body produces. The body puts off heat all the time, for better or for worse. This is a natural process, and we lose heat in five ways.

Have you heard the phrase “cotton kills”? Cotton is an extremely absorbent fabric. It holds water – like rain or melted snow or sweat – very well for a long period. And the problem is when you work up a sweat, cotton traps it close to your body. Add a little wind and evaporative cooling will happen. It can chill you very quickly to the point you are uncomfortable or potentially hypothermic. Cotton loses its insulating qualities when it gets wet, whether from rain or sweat and it takes a long time to dry. Wool or synthetic materials are much better suited to cold weather conditions.

Clothing Tips:

  • Protect against heat loss through your head by wearing a hat, balaclava, etc. One saying goes, “If your feet are cold, put on a hat.” A balaclava helps protect your face and neck from cold and wind.
  • Be sure to carry plenty of dry socks, but do not wear too many pairs of socks at one time. If the blood buy cheap cipro online flow to your feet becomes constricted, your feet will get cold regardless of how many socks you have on. Tightening your boot laces too tight will constrict the blood flow as well. Similarly, make sure your gloves, especially liners, are not too tight on your hands. If they are too tight, they can constrict the blood flow and keep your hands from warming up.
  • Gaiters will keep snow, rain, etc out of your boots and therefore help keep your feet drier and warmer. Gaiters also add another layer of material around your lower legs to help keep them warm.
  • Attach “dummy cords”, or security cords to your mittens to prevent losing them in windy or snowy conditions. Carry extra gloves or liners to change into if your first pair gets wet. Gloves can be dried out overnight in your sleeping bag.

In 2001, the U.S. government started using a more precise way to measure wind chill by testing how quickly people’s skin froze. Twelve volunteers were placed in a chilled wind tunnel. Equipment was stuck to their faces to measure the heat flow from their cheeks, forehead, nose and chin while they walked three miles per hour on a treadmill. One of the things they learned was how quickly frostbite develops on exposed skin. The information collected from the volunteers helped scientists come up with the complicated formula involving wind speed and air temperature to compute wind chill. For example, if the temperature is zero degrees Fahrenheit and the wind is blowing at 15 miles per hour, the wind chill is calculated at 19 degrees below zero. At that wind chill temperature, exposed skin can freeze in 30 minutes.


Windchill temperature is only defined for temperatures at or below 50 degrees F and wind speeds above 3 mph. Bright sunshine may increase the wind chill temperature by 10 to 18 degrees F. The new Wind Chill Table index:

  • Calculates wind speed at an average height of five feet (typical height of an adult human face) based on readings from the national standard height of 33 feet (typical height of an anemometer)
  • Is based on a human face model
  • Incorporates modern heat transfer theory (heat loss from the body to its surroundings, during cold and breezy/windy days)
  • Lowers the calm wind threshold to 3 mph
  • Uses a consistent standard for skin tissue resistance
  • Assumes no impact from the sun (i.e.,clear night sky)

For those wishing a more precise calculation than that provided by the table the NOAA website provides a Wind Chill Calculator where you can enter your exact temperature and wind speed to determine the precise wind chill factor.

Winter Camping Tips

Winter Camping Tips

When camping in winter, the most important consideration you have is keeping warm- which is a two-fold process: keeping the heat in, and keeping the cold out.

The most effective way to achieve this is by dressing in layers. This gives you the freedom to adjust your attire in order to help regulate your body temperature. It’s more important to dress in layers in the outdoors as you are constantly exposed to the elements and don’t have your usual access to a full wardrobe.

Three layers is a good place to start, consisting of: A liner layer, an insulation layer and an outer levaquin layer, which should generally be wind and waterproof. If you get these three layers right you will be much better equipped for the cold.

In terms of winter dressing, another essential is to avoid cotton at all costs. Great for the summer as a lightweight and breathable material, however it is not nearly as good in winter. Unfortunately cotton loses all insulation when it gets wet, as well as taking an extraordinarily long time to dry, leaving you wet, cold and uncomfortable. Your best bet in a winter camping situation is to swap out cotton for synthetics.

Cold, wet and icy feet generally mean you will be freezing and miserable the whole day, not to mention uncomfortable. The best way to avoid this is to ensure that the outer layer of your boots are waterproof either because they are plastic, or because you have taken the time to oil leather boots properly.

Believe it or not, one of the easiest ways to lose body heat is through your head. It is therefore necessary to consider wearing some kind of protective layer on your head to avoid losing valuable heat. A balaclava is a good option as it will also cover your face and neck at the same time if it is very cold.

A common mistake that campers make is to try and wear additional socks in order to keep their feet warm. This is dangerous because too many pairs of socks can constrict circulation and actually inhibit your feet from warming up. This said however, always pack a few extra pairs of socks- wet socks can really make a winter camp uncomfortable and cold, so make sure you have some dry supplies in case your socks do get wet.

Gaiters are a worthwhile consideration if you are planning a winter camping or hiking trip. They will make a massive contribution in keeping your feet dry and therefore warm as well.

So those are a few tips in order to remain warm, dry and comfortable during your next winter camping experience. It’s all about planning ahead and making sure you are wearing appropriate outdoor clothing during your trip.



During the Winter Olympics tournament, the Canadian alpine ski team lost a second racer to injury. Allison Forsyth of Nanaimo, British Columbia, who is one of the country’s top medal threats in long-track speed skating failed to live up to expectations.

The athlete shredded her left anterior cruciate ligament during training for Wednesday’s downhill therefore she had to be treated in a hospital and returned to Sestriere where the Olympics team is staying. She will fly to Calgary where she will immediately have surgery. But she is not giving up, the 27-year-old plans to compete at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games.

This is the second pharmacy online no prescription disappointment for the Canadian alpine team. Erik Guay of Mont-Tremblant, Quebec, a medal contender, missed Sunday’s men’s downhill with a leg injury.

Canada stood ninth in the standings at the end of competition Monday, with gold and bronze medals.

The results for Canadians in the pairs figure skating competition were: National champions Valerie Marcoux of Gatineau, and Craig Buntin of Kelowna, finished 11th overall, and the No. 2 entry of Jessica Dube of Drummondville, with Bryce Davison of Cambridge, allowed them to take 10th spot among 20 pairs. Reigning world champions Tatiana Totmianina and Maxim Marinin of Russia won gold.



Yes, its cold outside, but don’t stop your dog’s agility training. Depending on where you live, there might be snow on the ground from November through March, but thats no reason to give up your agility training. Bring your training indoors, right at your own home.

Get creative with your training locations. Do you have a hallway, basement, or garage? Then you have a place to train! Before it snows and your equipment is frozen to the ground, store some in your garage, shed, basement, or put a tarp over it. Bring in one piece of equipment at a time, and begin your indoor training.

We do a lot of indoor training with a Pause Table. In fact, we keep one in our living room for both obedience training and agility training all the time. The Pause Table is a great obstacle for developing your obedience behaviors and teaching agility directional commands

Don’t forget to work on your contacts. It’s easy by having a Contact Trainer indoors. A 3-Piece Contact Trainer offers you versatility; you have an A-frame side, the Pause Table, and a Dog-walk plank. Practicing your two feet on and two feet off is convenient and quick buy topamax when you have indoor contacts, only a few minutes a day to steady your dog’s behavior.

Indoor jumping must be approached carefully. If you don’t have indoor matting, don’t jump. You don’t want your dog jumping on concrete or wood floors. But you can use the uprights or posts to practice your handling. Use your Sit-stay or Down-stay and practice your lines or dogs path with no jump bars.

Weaves can be practice indoors. Are you training with a weave-chute or straight line weaves? Five minutes a day of weave training through out the winter will have your dog weaving smoothly by springtime. You can practice weave entries and weave sends or weave recalls.

There is also a variety of mini agility equipment that can be purchased, and don’t require the same space as standard equipment. There are mini-teeters, mini-dog walks, and mini-A-frames. These are great obstacles for puppy training or indoor winter training.

So, during the cold winter months, don’t give up on your agility training. Whether you are starting a young pup, working a novice dog, or an experienced titled dog there is always something that you can do indoors with your agility training.



Cold weather camping is much more harsh on your body than camping in warmer seasons, so it is important to place extra attention on taking care of yourself by staying warm and eating the right foods. If you are camping in cold weather, you should allow yourself an additional 1,000 calories per day in your diet. Winter camping meals and snacks should be very high in carbohydrates to fuel your body through the extreme cold and should also contain plenty of fats and proteins.

Winter camping trips offer more flexibility for the types of foods you can pack because the cold temperatures are much friendlier to foods that may spoil quickly in the heat. Cooking and preparing your camping meals in the cold, however, is much more difficult. You will want to plan winter camping meals that are easy and quick to prepare and that are just as simple to eat. Plan on packing a good bit more food when camping in cold weather and pack several emergency meals as well.

Instant soups are simple winter camping meals that help warm you up on a cold night. Bring along plenty of hot drinks, like cocoa or coffee, and a Coleman 14 cup percolator to keep your body temperature higher before you wrap up in your sleeping bag for the night. Lunch will most likely take place on the trail so plan easy to eat foods that are high in carbs and proteins to keep your energy and strength throughout the day. It is important to continue to eat all day long because your body will be burning calories at a rapid rate, not only trying to keep your body warm, but to produce energy to hike as well.

High protein snacks like jerky, nuts, and trail mix are great for eating throughout the day regardless of the type of weather conditions you are hiking in, but are especially important winter camping foods. Dried fruits are also very beneficial to your body during strenuous cold weather activities like backpacking and hiking. Bring along plenty of raisins, trail mix, and fatty type snacks. Chocolate is even a good snack for winter camping and backpacking trips and it won’t melt along the trail!

Camp cooking in the cold can be a tedious task, but it is very important to eat well and to stay warm. Plan your winter camping meals ahead of time and consider the fact that things take longer to heat in cold weather. Avoid raw vegetables because it will be nearly impossible to cook them at camp. You can prepare vegetables at home and simply warm them to save time. Always cook with a covered pot or pan to retain more heat in the cold and warm your meals faster.

Consider hearty winter camping meals that can be prepared in a single dish and eaten with little effort. Prepared canned foods, like beef stew or chili, are great energy providers, but can be heavy to pack. Vary these heavier foods with light winter camping meal selections, like foil packets of tuna, pasta, and bagels, for a healthy menu for your cold weather camping adventures.

Winter Sport Skiing In Les Arcs La Plagne

Winter Sport Skiing In Les Arcs La Plagne

As winter is approaching in the Northern Hemisphere, many people from all over the world will be planning winter vacations. What better way to enjoy a winter vacation and yet having a healthy full body workout instead of gaining winter weight by going on a skiing vacation?

In this article, we will be taking a look at two of the more popular ski resorts in France and if you are heading to Europe for your winter holidays then the information here may come in useful.

The ski resorts of La Plagne and Les Arcs in France are surrounded by breathtaking white capped mountain ranges. Both resorts attract skiing enthusiasts mainly from France and Europe. However in the past few years, the resorts are also attracting more and more Asians and American skiers and holiday makers.

La Plagne is one of the largest single ski areas in the world, with 212kms (about 132 miles) of pistes served by 144 ski lifts and is linked to Les Arcs by a four minute cable car ride. This ski resort is made up of 10 villages and is probably the most visited ski resort in the world.

In additional to skiing activities, visitors can also indulge in other activities such as bowling, working out in a fully equipped gym and sports centre, get away from the winter chill by taking sauna baths, go hang-gliding or ice-skating.

For a family outing, there are more than 200 shops to go shopping in or dine in La Plagne myriads of restaurants. Bars and dance clubs light up La Plagne by night.

La Plagne is sometimes billed as the ‘third generation’ French ski resort with its futuristic architectural designs has probably also influenced other ski resorts in France such as Flaine, Avoriaz and Les Arcs to go for the new world space age architecture and abandoning the charming rustic designs of traditional ski resort architecture.

Skiers in La Plagne will encounter various permutation of piste and off piste, from exhilarating steep descents on the huge glacier at Bellecote(3,000m or almost 10,000ft), then cruising delightfully down quiet meandering larch lined avenues to the charming villages of Montchavin-Les Coches, Champagny-en-Vanoise and Montalbert.

Now let’s take a look at Les Arcs. This resort has a Eurostar train terminal connection at Bourg Saint Maurice and thus making it the most accessible high-altitude ski resort in France.

Les Arcs is also known to have pioneered the so called ’ski evolutif’, which is a technique used for fast learning by progressing quickly from short skis to longer skis.

Les Arcs is also the homeground of the “Kilometre Lancee” in which daredevils on huge 237cm or 8 ft skis, clad in thin aerodynamic plastic suits and donning ‘Darth Vader of Star Wars’ style visors, speed down the specially designed track at exhilarating breakneck speed of up to 240kph (150mph) or more.

Just like La Plagne, Les Arcs ski resort has acres and acres seemingly never ending good cruising ski terrain and its off piste opportunities are simply fantastic.

Take for example, the Aiguille Rouge, which dominates the resort has many challenging runs down its front face slopes. The Aiguille Rouge is also the starting point for one of the longest skiing descents in the French Alps. The largely black run down to the charming village of Villaroger is over 16km or about 10 miles long. Whew!

With such fabulous skiing opportunities, it is therefore not surprising that La Plagne along with Les Arcs ski resorts in France is able to attract so many skiing enthusiasts from all the world, isn’t it?