Monthly Archives: April 2010

Winter Clothing

Winter Clothing

Clothes don’t provide heat. The purpose of wearing clothing is to reduce heat loss and retain and maintain your warmth. Think about how you dress: small details make a big difference when the weather is harsh and your energy level is dropping. Clothes should insulate and support the body’s temperature equilibrium. At the same time that our clothing should help to retain heat that the body produces, it should also transport excess moisture and heat away from the skin.

Breathability and permeability (a.k.a. wind resistance) aren’t the same thing. Breathability represents how much perspiration vapor can escape through a fabric from the inside out, whereas permeability measures how easily wind passes from the outside in. These are different properties, it’s possible for a garment to be very air permeable but not very breathable—air could pass right through, while sweat could still bead up inside, leaving you feeling damp and cooled. The opposite is also possible—for example, a WINDSTOPPER® jacket blocks wind completely (zero air permeability) but will still let perspiration vapor pass through at a decent rate.

Retain heat, but let moisture out. The purpose of clothing is to retain heat that the body produces. The body puts off heat all the time, for better or for worse. This is a natural process, and we lose heat in five ways.

Have you heard the phrase “cotton kills”? Cotton is an extremely absorbent fabric. It holds water – like rain or melted snow or sweat – very well for a long period. And the problem is when you work up a sweat, cotton traps it close to your body. Add a little wind and evaporative cooling will happen. It can chill you very quickly to the point you are uncomfortable or potentially hypothermic. Cotton loses its insulating qualities when it gets wet, whether from rain or sweat and it takes a long time to dry. Wool or synthetic materials are much better suited to cold weather conditions.

Clothing Tips:

  • Protect against heat loss through your head by wearing a hat, balaclava, etc. One saying goes, “If your feet are cold, put on a hat.” A balaclava helps protect your face and neck from cold and wind.
  • Be sure to carry plenty of dry socks, but do not wear too many pairs of socks at one time. If the blood buy cheap cipro online flow to your feet becomes constricted, your feet will get cold regardless of how many socks you have on. Tightening your boot laces too tight will constrict the blood flow as well. Similarly, make sure your gloves, especially liners, are not too tight on your hands. If they are too tight, they can constrict the blood flow and keep your hands from warming up.
  • Gaiters will keep snow, rain, etc out of your boots and therefore help keep your feet drier and warmer. Gaiters also add another layer of material around your lower legs to help keep them warm.
  • Attach “dummy cords”, or security cords to your mittens to prevent losing them in windy or snowy conditions. Carry extra gloves or liners to change into if your first pair gets wet. Gloves can be dried out overnight in your sleeping bag.

In 2001, the U.S. government started using a more precise way to measure wind chill by testing how quickly people’s skin froze. Twelve volunteers were placed in a chilled wind tunnel. Equipment was stuck to their faces to measure the heat flow from their cheeks, forehead, nose and chin while they walked three miles per hour on a treadmill. One of the things they learned was how quickly frostbite develops on exposed skin. The information collected from the volunteers helped scientists come up with the complicated formula involving wind speed and air temperature to compute wind chill. For example, if the temperature is zero degrees Fahrenheit and the wind is blowing at 15 miles per hour, the wind chill is calculated at 19 degrees below zero. At that wind chill temperature, exposed skin can freeze in 30 minutes.


Windchill temperature is only defined for temperatures at or below 50 degrees F and wind speeds above 3 mph. Bright sunshine may increase the wind chill temperature by 10 to 18 degrees F. The new Wind Chill Table index:

  • Calculates wind speed at an average height of five feet (typical height of an adult human face) based on readings from the national standard height of 33 feet (typical height of an anemometer)
  • Is based on a human face model
  • Incorporates modern heat transfer theory (heat loss from the body to its surroundings, during cold and breezy/windy days)
  • Lowers the calm wind threshold to 3 mph
  • Uses a consistent standard for skin tissue resistance
  • Assumes no impact from the sun (i.e.,clear night sky)

For those wishing a more precise calculation than that provided by the table the NOAA website provides a Wind Chill Calculator where you can enter your exact temperature and wind speed to determine the precise wind chill factor.

Winter Camping Tips

Winter Camping Tips

When camping in winter, the most important consideration you have is keeping warm- which is a two-fold process: keeping the heat in, and keeping the cold out.

The most effective way to achieve this is by dressing in layers. This gives you the freedom to adjust your attire in order to help regulate your body temperature. It’s more important to dress in layers in the outdoors as you are constantly exposed to the elements and don’t have your usual access to a full wardrobe.

Three layers is a good place to start, consisting of: A liner layer, an insulation layer and an outer levaquin layer, which should generally be wind and waterproof. If you get these three layers right you will be much better equipped for the cold.

In terms of winter dressing, another essential is to avoid cotton at all costs. Great for the summer as a lightweight and breathable material, however it is not nearly as good in winter. Unfortunately cotton loses all insulation when it gets wet, as well as taking an extraordinarily long time to dry, leaving you wet, cold and uncomfortable. Your best bet in a winter camping situation is to swap out cotton for synthetics.

Cold, wet and icy feet generally mean you will be freezing and miserable the whole day, not to mention uncomfortable. The best way to avoid this is to ensure that the outer layer of your boots are waterproof either because they are plastic, or because you have taken the time to oil leather boots properly.

Believe it or not, one of the easiest ways to lose body heat is through your head. It is therefore necessary to consider wearing some kind of protective layer on your head to avoid losing valuable heat. A balaclava is a good option as it will also cover your face and neck at the same time if it is very cold.

A common mistake that campers make is to try and wear additional socks in order to keep their feet warm. This is dangerous because too many pairs of socks can constrict circulation and actually inhibit your feet from warming up. This said however, always pack a few extra pairs of socks- wet socks can really make a winter camp uncomfortable and cold, so make sure you have some dry supplies in case your socks do get wet.

Gaiters are a worthwhile consideration if you are planning a winter camping or hiking trip. They will make a massive contribution in keeping your feet dry and therefore warm as well.

So those are a few tips in order to remain warm, dry and comfortable during your next winter camping experience. It’s all about planning ahead and making sure you are wearing appropriate outdoor clothing during your trip.



To make your trip more adventurous and safe, do follow certain safety guidelines and tips mentioned below:- Before heading for your adventure trekking trip, do study weather forecast of that …

To make your trip more adventurous and safe, do follow certain safety guidelines and tips mentioned below:-

  1. Before heading for your adventure trekking trip, do study weather forecast of that area. Avoid trekking during bad weather or adverse climatic situations.
  2. Newbies should always carry a raincoat or windsheeter with them. Climate can change frequently in several trekking points.
  3. Do carry multi-pocket carry bag engrafted with zipper closure and cushioned shoulder straps, especially for trekking trips. The bag should be spacious enough to carry all the important trekking essentials while trekking.
  4. Must keep a lighter, Swiss army knife, space blanket, water bottle and winter attire in your carry bag or pocket before heading for trekking.
  5. To prevent insect bite, do wear full sleeves shirts and full pants.
  6. Do carry sleeping bag and trekking rope of about 50 meters of length with you.
  7. A direction compass and topographical map is must while trekking in mountains.
  8. An ice cutting axe should always be carried if heading into snowy terrain.

Accessories add grace to your personality. So during travel keep such accessories which are easy to carry and may add grace to your overall look.

  1. While planning your trekking trip, it is preferable to have a medical fitness check up done. It is most flomax essential to be fit and fine before heading for trekking. You may also prefer to have medical precautions against diseases like malaria, cholera, tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis. Do arrange and carry medicines related to ailments from which you are previously suffering.
  2. If suffering from any kind of ailment, do carry proper prescribed medicines to prevent serious health problem including heatstroke, sever headache, cough, dehydration and hypothermia.
  3. Always wear proper trekking shoes while trekking. Uncomfortable pair of shoes can harshly hurt your feet and can lead to serious foot injuries while trekking. Therefore do spend some time to arrange proper and comfortable trekking shoes before heading for trekking tour.
  4. Choose those trekking shoes that are a half-size bigger than your regular shoes to allow space for some swelling caused while trekking and to hold heavier trekking socks.
  5. Do carry food items which carry larger amount of carbohydrates.
  6. Always take important medicine and first aid box with you.
  7. Do always cover your neck area, particularly in frequently changing weather .It can lead to serious neck problems and pains if left uncovered.
  8. Do wear thick woolen socks or stockings while trekking. Synthetic blended socks can be used for trekking purpose, as these socks are specially designed to preclude feet moisture.

Proper health and fitness is must for every trekker. Therefore always try to be in proper and fine state of health.

Clothing Techniques for winter camp.

Clothing Techniques for winter camp.

Clothing Techniques: When you first get up in the morning (and at the end of the day in camp), your activity level will be low as will be the temperature. …

Clothing Techniques:

  1. When you first get up in the morning (and at the end of the day in camp), your activity level will be low as will be the temperature. You will need to have many, if not all, of your layers on at this point until breakfast is over and you have started to become active.
  2. When you get ready to be active, you will need to take off layers since you will begin generating heat. A good rule of thumb is to strip down until you feel just cool, not chilled just before activity. Failure to do this will mean overheating, sweating, losing heat and you will have to stop in 10 minutes down the trail anyway to take layers off. Open or closing zippers, rolling sleeves up or down, taking a hat off or putting one on will all help valtrex with temperature regulation.
  3. If you stop for more that a few minutes, you will need to put on another layer to keep from getting chilled. Keep a layer close at hand.
  4. Whenever you get covered with snow, either from a fall or from dislodged snow from a tree, it is essential to brush yourself off to keep your clothing free of snow. Failure to do this often results in the snow melting into your clothing and refreezing as ice.
  5. At the end of the day, as activity decreases and temperature drops, you will need to add layers. Once you start to cool down it takes a lot of the body’s resources (calories) to heat up again so layer up ASAP before you get chilled. It may be good to put on more that you think you need; it will only get colder. If you are too warm, you can open up layers and ventilate to reach the proper temperature.

Ski jumping

Ski jumping

The event developed in the late nineteenth century Norway. The event has developed with the passing time since its advent as a sport. The aim of ski jumping is to …

The event developed in the late nineteenth century Norway. The event has developed with the passing time since its advent as a sport. The aim of ski jumping is to jump as far as possible and then to ski down a hill-slope. The skiers use long, wide skis during this event. Various doxycycline jumping techniques are also acquired by the skiers to travel more distance than others. Generally ski jumping is held on natural snow. However, the event can also be staged on artificial surfaces. The sport is governed by the Federation Internationale de Ski or the FIS at the international level.

Ski Jumping in the Winter Games: Ski jumping was included in the Olympic schedule at the 1924 Chamonix Winter Games. Men’s individual large hill was the only event contested at the 1924 Games.

Winter Camping Tours

Winter Camping Tours

Camping refers to an outdoor leisure activity i.e. staying outdoors and enjoying. The people who participate in such activities are called campers. The campers may camp near to home or they may travel to far off places and camp at a particular place. Generally the camping sites are situated far away from human civilization and much closer to the gifts of Mother Nature.

The campers construct a temporary shelter known as tent in which they reside during the night. In some instances, people do not construct such tent and sleep openly in their sleeping bags. Camping is mostly reckoned to be the activity of the young & the strong but there are some types of camping, which can be undertaken by old people too. Some of the most common type of camping’s are family camping, wild camping, winter camping and many more. Let’s throw some more light on the term winter camping.

Winter camping is one of the toughest types of camping but at the same time it is the most adventurous and exciting one. Winter camping is only meant for young people, who are full of adventures and have a strong determination. Winter camping is much enjoyable and comfortable as compared to the summer camping. Winter camping can be done anywhere outdoors, but it is mainly linked with camping on high altitudes. Camping on high altitudes is not an easy task and thus requires a lot of planning & preparation.

Camping gears
Before going on any such winter camp, always prepare beforehand. The most important thing is the tent as one has to spend most of the time within it. The tent should be large enough to hold an individual and should be strong enough so as to bear the winter winds, which blow very strongly. The tents should be made of nylon and the frame should be of aluminum. One should also carry an air mattress, which is self-inflating.

One should be fully clothed so as to avoid the rough winter condition. One should always dress in layers as it maintains the body temperature and moisture. The three type layering is the most preferred by people, while going on winter camping tours.

    • Hat-

A wool hat is a must, while going on a winter camping tour. This hat prevents the loose of heat from the head.

    • Trousers-

One should wear a Snowmobile mitten and on top of it wear a woolen pant and on that an air-proof pants.

    • Long hand cuffs-

This keeps the hands much warmer as compared to gloves.

  • Boots-

One should go for a snow boots, which are very warm.